Rash's Surname Index
Notes for Edward Richard Sprigg CANBY
A beautiful two-page manuscript document signed "Andrew Johnson" on "Executive Mansion" letterhead. Dated August 26, 1867. It reads in part: "Brevet Major General Edward R. S. Canby is hereby assigned to the command of the Second Miltary District, created by the Act of Congress of March 2d, 1867, and of the Military Department of the South, embracing the States of North Carolina and South Carolina. He will as soon as practicable relieve Major Genl Daniel E. Sickles, and, on assuming the command to which he is hereby assigned will, when necessary to a faithful execution of the laws, exercise any and all powers conferred by Acts of Congress...". During the Civil War, Canby was responsible for the Union's capture of Mobile. Having been brevetted through all the grades in both the volunteer and regular services, he remained a general in the United States Army. He was later murdered by the Modac Indians while arranging a treaty.
The city was named in the honor of General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby. He was born in Kentucky in 1819, was graduated from the U. S. Military Academy in 1839, served during the Mexican War from 1846 to 1848, and the Civil War from 1861 to 1865; was commander in Louisiana, and of the United States Army Departments west of the Mississippi in 1864; captured Mobile, April 12, 1865; was promoted to Major General of Volunteers and in 1866 became a Brigadier General in the regular army; was treacherously killed by the Modoc Indians during a conference in Siskiyou County, northern, California, April 11, 1873.
Soldier; born in Kentucky. A West Point graduate (1839), he fought in the Seminole War and the Mexican War. He commanded the Union's Department of New Mexico and defeated a Confederate attempt to take California. He went to Washington, D.C., as the Assistant Adjutant General, and then commanded troops in New York City. As commander of the Military Division of Western Mississippi, he captured Mobile, Ala.; as commander of the Department of the Gulf, he accepted the surrender of the last two Confederate field armies in May 1865. Modoc Indians murdered Canby, who had been sent to negotiate peace with the tribe, in northern California.
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