Joseph Pennock
a brief history

Joseph Pennock "Pennock, Joseph, Esq., many years a representative in the Pennsylvania Assembly, died March 9, 1771, at Upper Marlborough, Chester, PA in his 95th year."

The 1771 Chester County tax list shows that Pennock owned 1,250 acres of land, 4 horses, 4 cattle, 18 sheep and had one servant in East Marlborough.

Pennock's home, Primitive Hall, is located on PA-841 south of Coatesville, PA, in West Marlborough. Joseph Pennock was born 1677 in or near Clonmell, Ireland. On one of his passages to this country in a letter-of-marque he was captured by a French ship-of-war and confined in France as a prisoner upwards of a year, where he endured much hardship. In 1702 he settled in Philadelphia, where he engaged in the mercantile business.

About 1714 he removed to West Marlborough township, of this county, and settled on a large tract of land, of which he became proprietor by virtue of grant from William Penn to George Collett, his grandfather. He there, in 1738, erected a large mansion, Primitive Hall, in which he died.

Joseph Pennock was the son of "Christopher Pennock, an officer in the arms of William the Third, Prince of Orange, who fought at the Battle of the Boyne, and who represented the County of Chester twelve years in the Provincial Assembly, having been elected to that office in 1716. His doors were never fastened against the children of the forests which surrounded him. Food was always left for the Indians who might choose to enter his kitchen at night. It was no uncommon thing to find several Indians stretched on the floor before the kitchen fire in the morning."

Pennock inherited over 5,000 acres, his father's acreage and that of his maternal grandfather, George Collett. He removed to Marlborough Township and built Primitive Hall on a plantation of 1,250 acres. Each of Joseph Pennock's children were given 500 acres at the time of their marriages.

Genealogical data and quotes from The Pennsylvania Chronicle 1767-1774 by Kenneth Scott, 1971.


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